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A.k.a. Star Jets
In 1956, the first rocket-themed spinning-carousel ride, called Astro Jets, opened at Disneyland. The attraction was made by Klaus Company Bavaria and similar to several versions found in traveling carnivals. The "jets" made a 50-foot circle around a large red-checkered rocket and guests were able to climb upwards of 36 feet in their ride vehicles from the ground level they were boarded at. The attraction stood between the Submarine Voyage and Rocket to the Moon.
In 1964, the name of the attraction was changed to Tomorrowland Jets per new Tiki Room Sponsor United Airlines dislike of the name Astro Jet, being that United's competition American Airlines offered a coast-to-coast air service called Astrojet. Then in 1967, when Disneyland's Tomorrowland was renovated--to include Carousel of Progress, Adventure Thru Inner Space, Flight to the Moon, and the People Mover--the jets were relocated to the top of the People Mover loading area and now had a Saturn V replica as a new central focal point. When Tomorrowland was once again rennovated in 1997 the Disneyland Jets were renamed and relocated. The ride was now called the Astro Orbiter and it now sat at the entrance to Tomorrowland because the new ride equipment weighed too much to placed on top of the People Mover platform. The old rides skeleton remains at the top of the Peopel Mover platform but had artistic planets added on to it and will now, sometimes, do a sort of plant show.
As for the Magic Kingdom, there were no Jets in Tomorrowland on opening day. It wasn't until three years later, 1974, during a Tomorrowland expansion--which included the addition of Space Mountain and the relocation of the Carousel of Progress from California to Florida--that a Jet ride known as the Star Jets was placed in the park. The Star Jets were placed on top of the People Mover platform, just like in Disneyland, and guests accessed the ride by elevator.
The Star Jets were a focal point for the land and featured a Saturn V in the middle around which guests flew their Space Shuttle looking jets up and down. Then in 1994, as with many Tomorrowland attractions, the Star Jets were renovated and reopened as the Astro Orbiter. The attraction featured a highly stylized iron-work tower in lieu of the center rocket along with various planets on the outside of the attraction as to appear as if the rockets were weaving between the planets.
Unlike Disneyland, the Astor Orbiter is still located on top of the People Mover platform. Guests queue at ground level and then ride an elevator up to the attraction when it is their turn to ride. The ride at the Magic Kingdom does 11 rotations per minute and averages 1.2 million miles a year. In the narration for the Tomorrowland Transit Authority, the ride is referenced as the "League of Planets Astro Orbiter."